*** Please note: more information and references are available through the Africa Groundwater Atlas Africa Groundwater Literature Archive ***


There are a significant number of references available on the hydrogeology. These describe aspects of geology and geomorphology that inform hydrogeological conditions as well as groundwater occurrence. The district water development plans developed in the 1980-1995 period form a valuable information resource on groundwater occurrence in Tanzania.


There are 251 references available. Currently 43 of these are available to download in PDF format.

Key References


Relevant water supply passages from the Colonial Office annual reports on Tanganyika during the 1949-1960 period record the development of water supplies to major townships. The development of groundwater resources of Tanganyika was initially the responsibility of the Geological Survey as indicated by reports produced by Wade (1926, 1927 and 1930) on groundwater supplies north of Tabora, Gillman (1930) on the hydrology of Lake Tanganyika, Stockley (1951) assessing the groundwater resources of Zanzibar Town and studies of groundwater supplies for Dodoma undertaken by Fawley (1954 and 1955). Various studies were also made of hot springs by Handley (1951), King (1954 and 1958), James (1956 and 1957) and Harris (1958). The Geological Survey passed responsibility for the development of groundwater to the Department of Water as evidenced by the studies by Coster (1960) of Underground water in Tanganyika, by Bugaisa (1969) of fluoride in drinking water, by Holloway (1970) of rural water supplies and occasional references to groundwater in the annual reports of the Water Development Department as in 1955 and 1959.

During the 1980's the government commissioned a series of region water resource master plans such as those for Iringa, Ruvuma and Mbeya by Carl Bro et al. (1982); for Tabora by Brokonsult (1980); and of Morogoro by DHV (1981-84). The groundwater resources of Tanzania were assessed by the UNDP in 1989. JICA (1998) funded a groundwater development study for the Singida region that found excessive quantities of fluoride present, an occurrence that was further studied by MacDonald (2002) and Smedley (2002 and 2004). The occurrence of fluoride in groundwater within the Singida and adjacent areas was then studied in depth by the Oyo International Corporation (2008). Groundwater information availability in Tanzania was again reviewed by Groundwater Consultants Bee Pee and SRK Consulting in 2002 as part of the SADC hydrogeological mapping project.