*** Please note: more information and references are available through the Africa Groundwater Atlas Africa Groundwater Literature Archive ***


There are relatively few references available on the hydrogeology of Namibia and most of these describe aspects of geology and geomorphology that inform hydrogeological conditions.


There are 96 references available. Currently 18 of these are available to download in PDF format.

Key References


During the South West Africa era geological and hydrogeological studies were undertaken by the Geological Survey of South Africa mainly in designated farming areas. Frommurze (1932) listed flowing boreholes in the Rehoboth, Gibeon and Gobabis districts; Gevers (1932) noted warm springs in the Windhoek area; De Kock (1934) described groundwater occurrence in the Western Rehoboth area; Haughton and Frommurze et al described groundwater occurrence in the Warmbad (1936) and Omaruru (1939) areas; and Frommurze et al (1942) described groundwater occurrence in the Karibib area.

In post independence Namibia increased emphasis was given to rural water supply in more remote areas and for drought relief. Studies were undertaken of the groundwater resources of the Oshanas (Cunningham et al, 1992); the Kalahari aquifer at King Kauluma and the Tsumeb and Oshivelo areas (Geohydrology Division, DWA, 1993); eastern and central Ovambo (Groundwater Consulting Services, 1991-2); and central Northern Namibia (Hoad, 1992). During the period 1992-2000 various authors compiled environmental profiles of districts of northern Namibia and the ephemeral rivers of western Namibia, including descriptions of groundwater resources, for the Desert Research Institute. Christelis and Struckmeier (2001) produced the hydrogeological map at a scale of 1:1 000 000 in two parts with an accompanying description of groundwater occurrence and development in Namibia. As part of the compilation of the hydrogeological map atlas for the SADC region a review of data availability in Namibia was undertaken by Groundwater Consultants Bee Pee and SRK Consulting (2002).