We draw on a broad range of expertise across BGS and collaborative research worldwide to improve understanding of volcanic processes, hazards and risks. The study of volcanoes covers a broad area of physical science including geology, geophysics, geochemistry and atmospheric processes, as well as social science and communication.

Our research focuses on improving knowledge and understanding of eruption processes (including plume formation, ash dispersal, pyroclastic flow dynamics and lava flow inundation), and volcanic hazards, vulnerability, risk and the impacts of volcanic eruptions. Through engagement with policy and decision makers, private enterprise, NGOs and the public we are contributing to strategies for disaster risk reduction and mitigation.

We work with national and international government agencies to provide support and scientific advice not only during volcanic unrest, but also in preparation for potential future unrest.

fire fountainRecent Icelandic eruptions and unrest
Information on recent Icelandic eruptions and unrest with links to the latest news on global volcanoes.

Research areas

afar rift valley projectRift zone settings

Volcanism in Africa and Iceland.

EVOSS ProjectEarth Observation

Remote Sensing, ground deformation, volcanic emissions.

Clocktower in Plymouth, the capitol of MontserratVolcanic Hazards and impacts

Hazard and risk analysis, vulnerability and resilience.

UK Sample location mapCitizen Science

Making volcanic observations in the UK, ash sampling, myVolcano app.

research on icelandic glaciersSubduction zone settings

Volcanism in the Antilles, Central and South America.

Deformation monitoring in MontserratVolcano monitoring

Seismic monitoring, deformation, environmental monitoring.

mars volcanoPlanetary volcanism
Volcanism on Mars.


Contact Dr Julia Crummy for further information about BGS Volcanology